This 2019 update is an addendum to “Roe’s Unfinished Promise” published in 2017—the first comprehensive paper about the criminalization of non-clinical abortion in the U.S. and efforts to eliminate threats, while increasing protections, for people who end pregnancies outside the formal healthcare system.

*NOTE: For the most up-to-date information and stats on criminalization and self-managed abortion, please read our report Self-Care, Criminalized.